Zakale Expeditions


Visa and Passport Requirements

Passport Required Return ticket required Visa Required
USA Yes Yes Yes
British Yes Yes Yes
Canadian Yes Yes Yes
Other EU Yes Yes Yes
Australian Yes Yes Yes

A passport valid for at least six months beyond the date of entry to Tanzania is required by all nationals referred to in the chart above.

Visas for Tanzania are required by all nationals referred to in the chart above, except:
Nationals of Cyprus and Romania, who do not require a visa.

You can obtain single-entry and transit visas on arrival at the port of entry into Tanzania. Passport photos are not required; all other requirements must be in place. However, multiple-entry business visas cannot be issued at the point of entry and you must obtain these in advance through Tanzania’s embassies. For more information about visas, visit the website for the Ministry of Home Affairs (

Visa note:
Nationals not referred to in the chart are advised to contact the embassy or high commission to check visa requirements for Tanzania.

While still part of Tanzania, Zanzibar and the other islands are administered autonomously; they have their own immigration procedures and you will be asked to show your passport on entry and exit.

Tanzania has an agreement with Kenya and Uganda to waiver visa re-entry fees if travelling between the three countries, so long as single-entry visas remain valid for each country. This means another visa is not required if going from Tanzania to Kenya/Uganda and then back to Tanzania (or in any other combination).

Types and cost:
Single-entry tourist visa: US$50 on arrival (the exception is US citizens for whom a single-entry visa is US$100) or £38 in advance.

Single-entry business visa: £38; multiple-entry business visa: £80 (six months) or £100 (12 months).

Single-entry tourist visa: up to three months from the date of issue.

Single-entry business visa: two months; multiple-entry business visa: six or 12 months.

Transit visas are available for those travelling through Tanzania to other destinations within a 14-day period. An onward ticket or tour itinerary/confirmation and sufficient funds for transit are required.

Application to:
You can obtain visas from the embassy or high commission before you travel. You can also obtain them at any point of entry (airports and land borders) on arrival. This is a much easier option but you will need to pay for them in cash in US Dollars. Ensure that you have sufficient blank pages in your passport (the minimum for entry into Tanzania is two).

Temporary residence:
Residence permits are granted to foreign nationals if they are employed by a Tanzanian company, or working long-term as missionaries or volunteers, and must be applied for through the Ministry of Home Affairs (

Working days:
Allow three working days for visa processing. You can pay an additional fee for a one-day service.

Sufficient funds:
Onward ticket or tour itinerary/confirmation, or proof of funds e.g. credit card, is required.

Extension of stay:
You can extend your visas for three months at a time up to a maximum of six months at the immigration office in Dar es Salaam.

Tanzania Health Care And Vaccination


Special Precaution
Diphtheria Yes
Hepatitis A Yes
Malaria Yes
Rabies Sometimes
Tetanus Yes
Typhoid Yes
Yellow Fever Yes

* A yellow fever vaccination certificate is required from all travellers over one year of age.

Before leaving home, visit the doctor or a travel clinic for advice on vaccinations, malaria prophylactics and general advice. Basic traveller vaccinations recommended include yellow fever, tetanus, typhoid and hepatitis A. It is vital to take out comprehensive travel medical insurance, and it is essential that is should include repatriation to your home country in the event of an emergency. There are a wide variety of policies to choose from, so shop around. If you are going to be active in Tanzania (mountain climbing or scuba-diving for example), ensure the policy has adequate provision.

There are some good private hospitals in Dar es Salaam, Arusha and Stone Town on Zanzibar, but facilities are rudimentary outside of these and medicines are often unavailable. All treatment must be paid for in advance. Tanzania’s emergency telephone number (ambulance, fire and police) is 111. The best private hospital in the country is the Aga Khan Hospital, Ocean Road, Dar es Salaam, (tel: (022) 211 5151; However, for cases of extreme emergencies or surgery, visitors with adequate health insurance will be transferred to a private hospital in Nairobi, Kenya which has the best medical facilities in East Africa.

Malaria: The risk of contracting malaria is prevalent throughout Tanzania and prophylactics should be taken (take expert advice before you leave home). Symptoms can start as something resembling a severe attack of flu. If you develop any symptoms even after several weeks after your return home, seek medical advice. Travellers should take precautions against mosquito bites – cover-up at dusk and use insect repellent. Almost all hotels in Tanzania have air-conditioning and/or fans which help ward off mosquitoes and most tourist-class hotels have mosquito nets over the beds.

Altitude sickness: This can strike from about 3,000m (9,800ft) and is caused by lack of oxygen and should be a consideration for anyone climbing Mt Kilimanjaro. Symptoms include heart pounding, shortness of breath and dizziness. The best way of preventing it is a relatively slow ascent - some time spent walking at medium altitude, getting fit and acclimatizing is helpful. To decrease the symptoms, an immediate descent is necessary.

Food and drink:
All water should be regarded as being potentially contaminated. Travellers should use bottled water for drinking, brushing teeth, washing vegetables and reconstituting powdered milk. Ice should be avoided.

Other food hygiene precautions should be strictly observed if eating in a local restaurant, but visitors should encounter few problems if eating in upmarket restaurants and hotels. Eating snacks from street stalls (common in Tanzania) is not advised, but if items are fresh and cooked well (and the same could be said about buffets in tourist hotels) then you shouldn’t encounter any problems. If you get traveller’s diarrhoea, which doesn’t usually last more than 48 hours, the key treatment is rehydration. If it is more persistent, then seek medical advice.

Other risks:
Rabies is prevalent in Tanzania (in monkeys as well as domestic animals). There is a high incidence of HIV/AIDS. Avoid swimming and paddling in fresh water as there is a risk of bilharzia (prevalent in both lakes Victoria and Tanganyika); swimming pools that are well chlorinated and maintained are safe. On the coast and islands, there are sea urchins so take care when snorkelling and diving – if possible wear plastic shoes. If diving, ensure you are fit to do so. Be aware that serious diving injuries may require time in a decompression chamber and the nearest one is in Kenya – check that your medical insurance covers this eventuality.

Money & Duty Free For Tanzania

Currency information:
Tanzanian Shilling (TZS; symbol TSh). Notes are in denominations of TSh10,000, 5000, 2,000, 1,000 and 500. Coins are in denominations of TSh200, 100, 50, 20 and 10 but these are worth very little and are rarely used. In Kiswahili, it is shilingi and written prices are often denoted with the symbol /=; i.e. 100/= is the same as TSh100.

Credit cards:
Most top-end hotels, safari lodges, airlines and tour operators accept Visa and MasterCard (American Express and Diners Club less so), though a commission of 2-5% is usually charged. Budget hotels and most restaurants and shops do not accept credit cards, and they are rarely accepted for payment outside the main tourist areas.

Cash easily can be withdrawn from ATMs using Visa or MasterCard. Any sizeable town has at least one bank with an ATM, and there are ATMs at the larger airports. ATMs generally only dispense notes in increments of TSh 10,000 and these larger notes are often hard for people to change – hoard smaller change whenever possible to pay for taxi fares, snacks, souvenirs and the like.

Travellers’ cheques:
May be cashed in some banks (try Barclays) or bureaux de change in Tanzania's major cities and Zanzibar, but they are less common as they once used to be, attract a hefty commission and the process is time consuming. Additionally, some places may ask to see original purchase receipts for traveller's cheques. If you are nervous about travelling with lots of hard cash, bring enough to get you started then use ATMs to withdraw local currency off a credit card.

Banking hours:
Mon-Fri 0830-1530; Sat 0830-1300. Bureaux de change have longer hours and in the cities and in Stone Town on Zanzibar are open on Sundays.

Currency restriction:
The import and export of local currency is prohibited. The import of foreign currency is unlimited, subject to declaration. The export of foreign currency is limited to the amount declared on arrival.

Currency exchange:
US dollars, Pound sterling and Euros may be changed at banks and bureaux de change. However, US dollars are the best currency to take to Tanzania as it is widely accepted alongside TSh to pay for hotel bills, souvenirs and flights, and is needed to purchase visas on arrival and pay for park entry fees. Bring newer notes – because of the prevalence of forgery, many places (including banks and bureaux de change) do not accept US dollar bills printed before 2005. Large dollar bills (such as US$50 and US$100) command a better exchange rate than smaller ones. Ensure bills are not torn or damaged.

Tanzania duty free
The following items may be imported into Tanzania by travellers over 18 without incurring customs duty:

• 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 250g of tobacco.
• 1 bottle of alcoholic beverages.
• 580ml of perfume.

Banned imports:
Unlicensed firearms and ammunition.

Plants and plant products require a phytosanitary certificate.

Banned exports:
The export of gold, diamonds and tanzanite unless bought from a licensed jeweller is prohibited. Exporting souvenirs made from wildlife skins (this includes reptiles), shells and coral is forbidden.

Tanzania Public Holidays

Muslim festivals are timed according to local sightings of various phases of the moon and the dates given below are approximations. During the lunar month of Ramadan that precedes Eid al-Fitr, Muslims fast during the day and feast at night and normal business patterns may be interrupted. Some disruption may continue into Eid al-Fitr itself. Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha may last up to several days, depending on the region.

2013 2014
Jan New Year's Day Jan New Year's Day
1 Start date: 1 January 2013 1 Start date: 1 January 2014
Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day Jan Zanzibar Revolution Day
12 Start date: 12 Jan 2013 12 Start date: 12 Jan 2014
Jan Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad) Jan Milad un Nabi (Birth of the Prophet Muhammad)
24 Start date: 24 Jan 2013 13 Start date: 13 Jan 2014
Mar Good Friday May Good Friday
29 Start date: 29 Mar 2013 17 Start date: 17 Apr 2014
Apr Easter Monday Apr Easter Monday
1 Start date: 1 Apr 2013 20 Start date: 20 Apr 2014
May Labour Day May Labour Day
1 Start date: 1 May 2013 1 Start date: 1 May 2014
Jul Saba Saba Jul Saba Saba
7 Start date: 7 Jul 2013 6 Start date: 6 Jul 2014
Aug Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan) Jul Eid al-Fitr (End of Ramadan)
8 Start date: 8 Aug 2013 27 Start date: 27 Jul 2014
Aug Nane Nane (Farmers Day) Aug Nane Nane (Farmers Day)
8 Start date: 8 Aug 2013 7 Start date: 7 Aug 2014
Oct Nyerere Day Oct Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice)
14 Start date: 14 Oct 2013 3 Start date: 3 Oct 2014
Oct Eid al-Adha (Feast of Sacrifice) Oct Nyerere Day
15 Start date: 15 Oct 2013 14 Start date: 14 Oct 2014
Dec Independence and Republic Day Dec Independence and Republic Day
9 Start date: 9 Dec 2013 9 Start date: 9 Dec 2014
Dec Christmas Day Dec Christmas Day
25 Start date: 25 Dec 2013 25 Start date: 25 Dec 2014
Dec Boxing Day Dec Boxing Day
26 Start date: 26 Dec 2013 26 Start date: 26 Dec 2014

Last Updated on Saturday, 06 September 2014 13:23

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